Glossary of Corrosion Related Terms


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

L


 


 

lamellar corrosion

 

 

lamellar tearing
Occurs in the base metal adjacent to weldments due to high through-thickness strains introduced by weld metal shrinkage in highly restrained joints. Tearing occurs by decohesion and linking along the working direction of the base metal; cracks usually run roughly parallel to the fusion line and are steplike in appearance. Lamellar tearing can be minimized by designing joints to minimize weld shrinkage stresses and joint restraint. See also cold cracking, hot cracking, and stress-relief cracking.

 

 

Langelier saturation index
An index calculated from total dissolved solids, calcium concentration, total alkalinity, pH and solution temperature that shows the tendency of a water solution to precipitate or dissolve calcium carbonate.

 

 

ledeburite
The eutectic of the iron-carbon system, the constituents of which are austenite and cementite. The austenite decomposes into ferrite and cementite on cooling below the temperature at which transformation of austenite to ferrite or ferrite plus cementite is completed.

 

 

ligand
The molecule, ion, or group bound to the central atom in a chelate or a coordination compound.

 

 

limiting current density
The maximum current density that can be used to obtain a desired electrode reaction without undue interference such as from polarization.

 

 

linear elastic fracture mechanics
A method of fracture analysis that can determine the stress (or load) required to induce fracture instability in a structure containing a crack like flaw of known size and shape. See also fracture mechanics and stress-intensity factor.

 

 

lipophilic
Having an amenity for oil. See also hydrophilic and hydrophobic.

 

 

liquid metal embrittlement
Catastrophic brittle failure of a normally ductile metal when in contact with a liquid metal and subsequently stressed in tension.

 

 

local action
Corrosion due to the action of "local cells," that is, galvanic cells resulting from inhomogeneities between adjacent areas on a metal surface exposed to an electrolyte.

 

 

local cell
A galvanic cell resulting from inhomogeneities between areas on a metal surface in an electrolyte. The inhomogeneities may be of physical or chemical nature in either the metal or its environment.

 

 

localized corrosion
Corrosion at discrete sites, stress-corrosion cracking.

 

 

long-line current
Current that flows through the earth from an anodic to a cathodic area of a continuous metallic structure. Usually used only where the areas are separated by considerable distance and where the current results from concentration-cell action.

 

 

luggin probe (Luggin Haber capillary)
A small tube or capillary filled with electrolyte, terminating close to the metal surface under study, and used to provide an ionically conducting path without diffusion between an electrode under study and a reference electrode.

 

Back to top

 

Contact Us

If you have questions or need our depth of experience to help with your issues...

Call us: 281-556-8774

Email us: info@hghouston.com

News

The safe operation of oil refineries in the United States is under constant r...read more
When: January 30, 2017 - February 2, 2017 Where: Galveston Island Conventi...read more

View all articles

Stay Current

Sign up for our quarterly newsletter

covering updates on corrosion